Medical Safety Scalpel References:

1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2010, July 27). Sharps safety for healthcare settings. Retrieved from

2. Perry, J., Parker, G., & Jagger, J. (2003). Scalpel blades: reducing injury risk. Advances in Exposure Prevention, 6(4), 37-48.

3. Jagger, J., Berguer, R., Phillips, E. K., Parker, G., & Gomaa, A. E. (2011). Increase in sharps injuries in surgical settings versus nonsurgical settings after passage of national needlestick legislation. AORN, 93(3), 322-330.

4. Steering Committee. (2010, Novem). In Jagger Janine (Chair). Moving the sharps safety agenda forward in the united states: Consensus statement and call to action. 10th anniversary of the needlestick safety and prevention act: mapping progress, charting a future path, Charlottesville, VA.

5. Weiss, E. S., Makary, M. A., Wang, T., Syin, D., Pronovost, P. J., Chang, D., & Cornwell III, E. E. (2005). Prevalence of blood-borne pathogens in an urban, university-based general surgical practice. Annals of surgery, 241(5), 803.

6. Joint Commission on Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations. (2009). Scalpel Safety. Environment of Care News, 12(3).

7. Stoker, R. (2011). Are Safety Scalpels Making the Cut With Surgeons and Nurses? OR Manager, Patient Safety.

8. OR Manager (2005). OSHA is pressing ORs to adopt safety scalpels but surgeons resist. OR Manager, 21(12).

9. Bernard, D. (2013). Where do you stand with safety scalpels? Outpatient surgery magazine, 14(5), Retrieved from where-do-you-stand-with-safety-scalpels

10. Wu, X., Thomson, G., & Tang, B. (2009). An investigation into the impact of safety features on the ergonomics of surgical scalpels. Applied ergonomics, 40(3), 424-432.